Reproduction of post @ National Geographic Explorer's Blog (see original post here)
Turn over a few rocks and logs in a moist forest and you will certainly find a salamander. Well, not exactly. While this is true in many areas in North America and Europe, salamanders are quite rare in some other places, where other types of amphibians, such as frogs and caecilians, are common.
Contrary to the general patterns of global biodiversity, where tropical forests harbor the majority of species, the bulk of salamander diversity is found in temperate forests of the northern hemisphere. Most groups of salamanders are confined to temperate zones, including a high number of species that are be found only in the United States.
PARÁ’S LUNGLESS SALAMANDER (BOLITOGLOSSA PARAENSIS), ONE OF THE FIVE SPECIES OF SALAMANDER THAT OCCUR IN BRAZIL—THE SPECIES IS THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION DUE TO DESTRUCTION OF ITS FOREST HABITAT. (PHOTO: PEDRO PELOSO)
One group of salamanders has, however, successfully colonized Central and South America: Lungless salamanders (Plethodontidae). These small-size, lizard-like amphibians are usually terres